India officially called the Republic of India is a country located in South East Asia that fully lies in the Northern Hemisphere. It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited civilizations which dates back to the beginning of humankind. India has the world’s largest population and has the 7th largest land mass on earth with a 3,287,263 KM2 lang area. As per the constitution of India, India is also referred to as Bharat but there are other names given to India as well like Hindustan, Jamudweep, etc.
India is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast and it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west, China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north, and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand, Myanmar, and Indonesia. India is world renounced for its unique and attractive culture, flora, fauna, megadiversity, etc.
States/Union Territories Districts Count
There are 764 districts in India in 28 states and 8 Union Territories. Below is the state-wise and Union Territory-wise count of districts.
|State/Union Territory||Districts Count|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu||3|
Download Districts & State List in Excel
The Excel below contains the list of 764 Districts in India. Excel Data is sorted by State/Union Territory and then the districts. Download the Districts list in Excel below:
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Geography of India
India was formed due to the northward movement of the Indian tectonic plate which some 40 to 50 million years ago collided with the Asian Plate to form the Himalayan Mountains to the north.
Himalayan ranges spread across the northern and northeastern border of India, from Jammu Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh, the Himalayan ranges and other valleys make the northern region mountainous.
From the Himalayas when traveling southwards, the plain region starts which is fertile and rich in agricultural wealth the country. It is due to the silt carried by some of the biggest rivers of South Asia i.e., Ganga, Indus, and Brahmaputra and its tributaries.
The agricultural out of India per acre is the highest in the world making it one of the major agricultural exports in the world.
When further traveling towards the south there are peninsular plateaus which are old and eroded mountainous regions whose elevation was eroded out over time. Aravalli ranges, Satpura, and Vindyachal ranges are some examples of such ancient old-fold mountain ranges.
Further down south India has a coastline of 7516.6 km known as the East Coast and West Coast. Both these coasts also encompasses elevated region called Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats.
The southmost point of India is called Indra Point located in Kanyakumari and beyond that a strait between India and Sri Lanka is present.
Political Formation of India
After the Independence of India, the Indian sub-continent witnessed a cruel and gruesome partition that separated the Subcontinent into three distinct land masses- i.e. India, West Pakistan, and East Pakistan.
East Pakistan later goes on to become the nation of Bangladesh. India has 28 states and 8 union territories which are further divided into various districts (Download the list in Excel above) followed by tehsils.
Kachchh district of Gujarat is the biggest of all and the Mahe district of Puducherry is the smallest.